NO. OF CREDITS:
5 QUARTER CREDITS
[semester equivalent = 3.33 credits]
|WA CLOCK HRS:
Invasive non-native plants and animals are changing the landscape of the United States, coming in as a result of globalization of transportation and trade, and putting U.S. ecosystems and lands at an increasingly greater risk of damage due to invaders. Weeds take over important habitat areas for wildlife, devastating shelter and forage while reducing the diversity and quantity of native plants. Non-native animals out-compete endemic and native species for food and thereby upset the natural balance.
Teachers at all K-12 grade levels can integrate lessons on the cultural, historical, ecological and economic impact of invasive species into their curriculum. This course will provide field experiences in the region of choice and thereby enable teachers to become familiar with their local habitats and the threats of non-native species therein.
LEARNING OUTCOMES: Upon completion of this course, participants will have:
Upon completion of this course, participants will:
Completion of all specified assignments is required for issuance of hours or credit. The Heritage Institute does not award partial credit.
Completing the basic assignments (Section A. Information Acquisition) for this course automatically earns participant’s their choice of CEUs (Continuing Education Units), or Washington State Clock Hours or Oregon PDUs. The Heritage Institute offers CEUs and is an approved provider of Washington State Clock Hours and Oregon PDUs.
UNIVERSITY QUARTER CREDIT INFORMATION
REQUIREMENTS FOR UNIVERSITY QUARTER CREDIT
Continuing Education Quarter credits are awarded by Antioch University Seattle (AUS). AUS requires 75% or better for credit at the 400 level and 85% or better to issue credit at the 500 level. These criteria refer both to the amount and quality of work submitted.
CREDIT/NO CREDIT (No Letter Grades or Numeric Equivalents on Transcripts)
Antioch University Seattle (AUS) Continuing Education Quarter credit is offered on a Credit/No Credit basis; neither letter grades nor numeric equivalents are on a transcript. 400 level credit is equal to a "C" or better, 500 level credit is equal to a "B" or better. This information is on the back of the transcript.
AUS Continuing Education quarter credits may or may not be accepted into degree programs. Prior to registering determine with your district personnel, department head or state education office the acceptability of these credits for your purpose.
ADDITIONAL COURSE INFORMATION
Cost will vary with your selection of 2 books from the Bibliography. Text fee will vary with your choice of books and booksellers.
None. All reading is online.
Text fee will vary with your choice of books and booksellers.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR TEACHING THIS COURSE:
Eva Varga, M.A., born and raised in Oregon, has a deep respect for history and nature. Her father instilled the knowledge of tree identification and an appreciation for geography and natural resources at an early age. As an undergraduate, she pursued a dual degree in General Science and International Studies. During this time, she spent a summer abroad in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. Thereafter, she began graduate work at Oregon State University in Elementary Education, earning a Master of Arts in Teaching degree. She taught for six years in the public schools (four as an elementary science specialist and two as a fifth grade classroom teacher) and has received numerous awards and grant honors for the development and integration of non-native species curriculum. In 2002, she was selected as an Oregon state finalist for the Presidential Award of Excellence for Math and Science Teaching. She has also volunteered with an Earthwatch team studying parasitism of rainforest caterpillars in Ecuador.
ALIEN INVADERS: All About Invasive Species
Boersma, P. Dee. Invasive Species in the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. 2006.
Invasive Species in the Pacific Northwest examines invasive species of fish, plants, invertebrates, mammals, and birds, such as the American bullfrog, blackberries, domestic cats and pigs, European fruit flies, Japanese eelgrass, Mediterranean mussels, rats, and terrestrial mollusks. For each of 108 species, the book includes: Species description and current range, Impacts on communities and native species, Control methods and management, Life histories and species, and a History of invasiveness.
Bright, Chris. Life Out of Bounds. WW Norton & Company. 1998.
Bio-invasion, or "the spread of exotics" as Bright terms it, causes both economic and ecological disasters. Bright discusses the increasingly urgent issue of invasive exotic plants and animals and their ecological impact worldwide on native species. An excellent introduction to the field, loaded with historical examples and heavily referenced.
Coates, Peter. American Perceptions of Immigrant and Invasive Species: Strangers on the Land. University of California Press. 2007.
Introduced species have transformed our ecosystems and are creating anxiety among environmentalists and the general public. But is American anxiety over this crisis of ecological identity a recent phenomenon? Exploring shifting attitudes to alien species since the 1850s, Peter Coates brings to light the rich cultural and historical aspects of this story by situating the history of immigrant flora and fauna within the wider context of human immigration.
Cox, George W. Alien Species and Evolution: The Evolutionary Ecology of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes and Interacting Native Species. Island Press. 2004.
Biologist George W. Cox reviews and synthesizes emerging information on the evolutionary changes that occur in plants, animals, and microbial organisms when they colonize new geographical areas, and on the evolutionary responses of the native species with which alien species interact. The author draws on examples from all parts of the world and all major ecosystem types, and the variety of examples used gives considerable insight into the patterns of evolution that are likely to result from the massive introduction of species to new geographic regions that is currently occurring around the globe.
Drake, Jane, and Ann Love. Alien Invaders: Species That Threaten Our World. Tundra Books. 2008.
Written for children in grades 3-6, the authors introduce three classic examples of alien invaders: brown rats, cane toads in Australia, and the fungus that caused the potato blight in the U.S. and Ireland. Ten more species are described with a narrative that describes the invader, its life cycle, the damage it causes, and attempts to control it. Further chapters focus on vulnerable habitats, the potential threats of pandemics, and perspectives on the impact of these species and what people are doing and can do to control them.
Elton, Charles S. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. University of Chicago Press. 2000.
Much as Rachel Carson's Silent Spring was a call to action against the pesticides that were devastating bird populations, Charles S. Elton's classic The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants sounded an early warning about the invasion of nonnative species. In it he explains the devastating effects that invasive species can have on local ecosystems in clear, concise language and with numerous examples.
Lockwood, Julie, Martha Hoopes, and Michael Marchetti. Invasion Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell. 2006.
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of biological invasion by non-native species. Highlighting important research findings associated with each stage of invasion, Invasion Ecology provides an overview of the invasion process from transportation patterns and causes of establishment success to ecological impacts, invader management, and post-invasion evolution.
Taylor, Ronald J. Northwest Weeds: The Ugly and Beautiful Villians of Fields, Gardens, and Roadsides. Mountain Press Publishing Company. 1990.
Northwest Weeds describes and illustrates the weeds of the northwestern United States and adjacent Canada. Full-color photographs and the accompanying text emphasize the weeds' identifying characteristics. The book includes information on the origin, distribution, aggressiveness, and edibility of each weed.
Uva, Richard H., Joseph C. Neal, and Joseph M. Ditomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press. 1997.
This book provides clear descriptive text and photos. The authors have included photos of seedlings and seeds of each species as well as a section on common weed tree seedlings.
Whitson, Tom D. Weeds of the West. Diane Publishing Company. 2006.
Weeds of the West is an extensive, easy-to-use guide written by seven extension specialists and published by the Wyoming Agricultural Extension. The authors describe early growth stages, stages of maturity, and features for the positive identification for each weed.
Wilson, Edward O. The Diversity of Life. WW Norton & Company. 2000.
Wilson, an eminent Harvard entomologist, details the rise of biodiversity on earth and the human threats to it. In short, Wilson offers with this book a simple, workable environmental ethic that extends the work of other conservationists. His eloquent plea to save the rich variety of plant and animal life will resonate with readers of all ages and educational backgrounds.
Bureau of Land Management: Invasive Species Uva, Richard H., Joseph C. Neal, and Joseph M. Ditomaso. Weeds of the Northeast.
Cornell University Press. 1997. This book provides clear descriptive text and photos. The authors have included photos of seedlings and seeds of each species as well as a section on common weed tree seedlings. A list of web resources compiled by the Bureau of Land Management. Includes links to specific state agencies.
Bureau of Land Management: How to Prevent the Spread of Noxious Weeds http://www.blm.gov/education/weed/weed.html
A site developed by the Bureau of Land Management to educate the public about the threats imposed by non-native invasive weeds. Includes suggestions for hands-on learning activities in the classroom.
Invasive Plant Education http://www.weedcenter.org/
The Center for Invasive Plant Management is a regionally focused center based at Montana State University. They work in partnership with county, state, and federal agencies, tribes, nongovernmental organizations, private industry, commodity groups, and academic institutions. Their website provides links to factual information as well as teaching resources.
The Global Invasive Species Team http://www.invasive.org/gist/
Part of The Nature Conservancy's response to abating the damage caused to native biodiversity by the human-facilitated introduction of non-native, harmful invasive species. This web site provides many resources designed to help all conservationists deal most effectively with invasive species.
National Geographic Expeditions: Invasive Species. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/14/g68/newsinvasive.html
Sample lesson plan on invasive species developed by the National Geographic Expeditions.
National Geographic Expeditions: Aquatic Invaders http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/14/g68/invaders.html
Another National Geographic Expeditions sample lesson plan, this one focusing on aquatic invasive species.
United States Forest Service: Celebrating Wildflowers http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/index.shtml
The Celebrating Wildflowers website provide information about events, wildflower viewing areas, wildflower photos, native plant information, and pollinators. Page links include just for kids, coloring pages, teacher resources, ferns, rare plants, plant of the week, pollinator of the month, invasive plants, and wildflower links.
University of Hawai'i Botany Department: Impact of Alien Plants on Hawai’i’s Native Biota http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/cw_smith/impact.htm
Of the thousands of plant species introduced to Hawai’i, less than 2% have become serious pests of the native ecosystem. Developed by the University of Hawai'i Botany Department, this site explores the impact of these invasives species on Hawai’i’s native biota.
University of Hawai'i Botany Department: Hawaiian Native Plant Genera http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/natives.htm
An index of native Hawaiian plants, organized according to genera. Includes the name of the plant in native Hawaiian.
University of Hawai'i Botany Department: Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/cw_smith/aliens.htm
A list of web pages featuring alien plant species that are among the greatest threats to Hawaiian biota.
Wildlife Habitat Council: Growing Native http://www.wildlifehc.org/managementtools/backyard-growingnative.cfm
The Wildlife Habitat Council is a nonprofit, non-lobbying group of corporations, conservation organizations, and individuals dedicated to protecting and enhancing wildlife habitat. This site provides several sample lesson plans that can be adapted to your classroom.